Document Type : Original Article


PhD student in criminal law and criminology, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran branch, Tehran, Iran


Background and purpose: Criminal procedure is one of the important laws of the criminal system that guarantees individual rights and freedoms in addition to social rights. This law has undergone less changes and transformations over the years, now that the Iranian legislator has approved the new criminal procedure law. Therefore, it is necessary to examine the attitude of the legislator in the civil society organizations in the criminal process and apply the findings of the collaborative criminal policy in the new law.
Method: descriptive-analytical method will be used in this research. The collection of information used in this research is library and document method, and internet bases, books, magazines, etc. are used. Also, the information used in this research will be collected using the slip and slip writing method.
Findings: After the developments that occurred in the last two centuries regarding the foundations of criminality, criminologists have come to the opinion that in order to formulate efficient and dynamic criminal policies, in addition to the phenomenon of the criminal and the personality of the criminal, other factors of the environment and society should also be considered. and pay attention to the criminal policy beyond the penal policy. Politics has been defined as a solution to the problems of the society, and the term "criminal" has been used to refer to criminal phenomena, which all together means a solution to deal with crime.
Results: Legislative criminal policy, as the first layer of criminal policy in a law-making government, consists of the legislator's deliberation and solution regarding crime and the response to it, which takes different forms according to the dependence of criminal policy on the political system of each country. Legislative criminal policy is the taste of different legislators and their choices in all types of crimes and punishments and in general how to deal with the criminal phenomenon and criminal proceedings


Main Subjects


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